Tag Archives: Shapes Go to School

Everything is Bigger in Texas Even the Number of Child Deaths!

Hi this is Terri Borman, childcare provider and author of “Shapes Go to School.”  This week’s blog is about teaching young children the importance of water safety.  Did you know that water safety month in Texas is in April, but for the rest of the country it’s in May?  This peaked my curiosity.  Why would Texas have water safety month in April?   Most pools don’t even open until the end of May on Memorial Day weekend making the month of May a much more reasonable choice for water safety month.

When you read this next sentence, you will understand why.  The State of Texas leads the nation in the number of children who die from drowning.  Children drowning in inadequately fenced swimming pools or unsupervised children swimming in pools is the number one cause of death among children under the age of five.  Harris County had the most deaths of children ages 0 to 18 attributed to drowning out of all the counties.  State Senator Joan Huffman from Houston says, “we designated April as water safety month in Texas for the next ten years.  We will all be working together to highlight the importance of drowning prevention programs and resources in our great state.”

Per the Texas Child Fatality Review Team report for 2013 there were 61 Drowning deaths. “Pools are the most common site for drowning deaths. Children 1-4 years of age accounted for 61 drowning fatalities in pools. Of those deaths that occurred in a private pool, 88 percent had no barrier to limit access to the pool.  Poor or absent supervision was cited as a contributing factor in 59 percent of the deaths of children younger than 5 years old. (pages 34-35)”

Child deaths due to drowning is not just happening in the State of Texas.  According to the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, “drowning is the country’s number one cause of death in children 1 to 4 years of age and the second biggest cause in children 5 to 14 years of age.”  Here are some things you can do to help prevent a child from drowning:

1.)  Enroll young children in preschool aquatics (a swimming course for young children).

2.)  Enroll older children into age appropriate swimming lessons.

3.)  Teach your children to swim in designated areas supervised by lifeguards.

4.)  Teach your children to swim with a buddy.

5.)  Never leave a young child unattended near water.

6.)  Have young children wear U.S. Coast Guard approved life jackets, especially around lakes or while boating.

7.)  Establish water safety rules for your family and enforce them.

8.)  Avoid the use of alcohol. It impairs your judgment, balance and coordination.   It affects swimming and diving skills and reduces your own body’s ability to stay warm.

9.)  Install and use proper fencing around your home swimming pool or hot tub.  Safety covers and pool alarms should be added as for extra protection.  Ensure that the fence around the pool encloses the entire pool area.  The fencing needs to be at least 4 feet high with gates that are self-closing, self-latching and open outward away from the pool.  The latch on the gates should be high enough to be out of a small child’s reach.

10.)  If you have an above ground or inflatable pool, remove the access ladders and secure the safety cover whenever the pool is not in use.

11.)  Remove any large objects such as outdoor furniture, climbable trees, decorative walls, and playground equipment that could provide access to the pool.

12.)  Keep toys that are not in use away from the pool and out of sight.  Toys can attract young children to the pool.

13.)  MAINTAIN CONSTANT SUPERVISION, always stay an arm’s reach from young children and avoid distractions when supervising children around water.

water safety 4

Finally, know what to do in an emergency.  If a child is missing, always check the water first because every second counts in preventing death.  If you own a swimming pool or hot tub, have appropriate equipment to reach or throw to a victim, have a cell phone to call 911, have life jackets and a first aid kit.  Enroll in water safety, first aid and CPR courses to learn how to prevent and respond to emergencies.






“Shapes Go to School” is a beautifully illustrated children’s book that teaches shapes, colors and diversity by helping children to understand that everyone is different.  It’s the very first day of Kindergarten for the shape children and some are excited to be there while others are apprehensive. To order your copy of “Shapes Go to School” click on the picture of the book.



Does Your Child Have The Four Crucial C’s?

Hi this is Terri Borman, childcare provider and author of “Shapes Go to School.”   This book teaches children about shapes, colors and diversity.  It helps children to understand that everyone is different.  This week’s blog is about teaching young children the four crucial C’s.  By around age five the personality of a child is set so it is crucial the child understands the four C’s in the early years.  Children who have all the four C’s are caring, cooperative, considerate and creative.  Does your child have the four crucial C’s?


“I need to believe I have a place I belong.”

Children need to feel like they are connected and have value or else insecurity will set in.  Here are some things we can do to help children feel connected.

1.)   Show interest in each child and find out about their hobbies.

2.)   Give positive attention to each child.

3.)   Find and recognize strengths and talents of each child.

4.)   Show acceptance of each child.


“I need to believe I can do it.”

Children need to believe in themselves or else inadequacy will set in and the power struggle will begin.  They need to be encouraged to be self-reliant at every opportunity.  Here are some things we can do to help children feel capable.

1.)  Once a child has learned a new skill, allow them to keep doing it for themselves.

2.)  Make a child’s mistake become a learning experience by demonstrating the correct way.

3.)  Build a child’s confidence by believing in them and focusing on the improvement not the imperfection.

counting 2Counting:

“I need to believe I can make a difference.”

Children need to believe they contribute and have value or else they may see themselves as being insignificant and feel the need for revenge.  Here are some things we can do to make children feel like they count.

1.)  Promote contribution by allowing the children to do a job every day that aides in the day to day activities and let them have an input in the scheduling and the activities for the day.

2.)  Provide recognition by sending them a note about what you noticed and appreciated about them that day.

3.)  Hold a meeting and let each child have a say about their likes and dislikes.

courage 2Courage

“I need to believe I can handle what comes.”

Children need to believe they can handle whatever situation arises or else they can feel a sense of hopelessness and give up.  Children with courage will learn more quickly because they will persevere and not give up.  Here are some things we can do to nurture courage in children.

1.)  Become expertly trained in the skill of encouragement, meaning always encourage every child every day.

2.)  Always focus on the effort and the improvement.

3.)  Replace the traditional competitive style approaches with cooperative ones.  It’s not always a race to the finish.

The Crucial Cs and Rudolf Dreikurs’ Short-Range Goals of Misbehavior

Amy Lew and Betty Lou Bettner

 Child’s belief  Child feels Child’s negative goal  Adult feels  Adult’s impulse Child’s response to correction
I only count when I’m being noticed insecurealienated ATTENTION irritated annoyed REMINDWhat, again? “temporarily” stops
My strength is in showing you that you can’t make me and you can’t stop me. inadequate,dependent others arein control POWER angrychallenged FIGHTI insist that you do as I say. misbehavior intensifies
I knew you were against me. No one really likes me. I’ll show you how it feels. insignificant REVENGEget backget even hurt or wants to punish PUNISHHow could you do this to me? us? them?
I’ll teach you a lesson.
wants to get even,makes self disliked
I can’t do anything right so I won’t try. If I don’t try, my failures won’t be so obvious. inferioruselesshopeless AVOIDANCE display of inadequacy despairI give up.hopeless GIVE UP It’s no use. passive,no change,more hopeless,displaysinadequacy

Remember: Misbehavior is a symptom of the child’s discouragement at not having the Crucial Cs. Use encouragement and training through natural and logical consequences. Consider and agree on choices together.

Crucial Cs Constructive Alternatives Child’s belief Child feels Child’s positive goal
CONNECT Replace negative attention with positive attention.   Plan activities together. Don’t ignore the child; ignore the misbehavior.   Teach self-sufficiency. I belong. secure  COOPERATION
 CAPABLE Don’t try to win. Give opportunity and choices so child can display power constructively.Maintain friendly attitude. I can do it. competentself-control SELF-RELIANCE
 COUNT Avoid anger and hurt feelings. Maintain, appreciation in relationship. Offer chances to help. Seek support and help in identifying positives.(Don’t give up.) I matter. I can make a difference. significant valuable CONTRIBUTION
 COURAGE Notice only strengths and ignore the negative. Set up steady exposure to manageable tasks that have a guarantee of success.No criticism. I can handle what comes. hopefulwilling to try RESILIENCY

Copyright © 1995 Amy Lew and Betty Lou Bettner. The authors grant permission to copy this chart for educational purposes only, provided that the authors are cited.



I attended a child care training provided by the Tarrant County Professional Home Child Care Association April 9, 2014.  The trainer, Tiffany Tepper, LCSW, spoke to us about guiding children’s behaviors and the four crucial C’s.  She listed her resource as “A Parent’s Guide to Understanding and Motivating Children.” 

After further research, I found that the crucial C’s may have evolved from Alfred Adler’s theories.  Alford Adler founded the Society of Individual Psychology in 1912 and his theories have played an essential role in a number of areas including child development.

9781481758161_COVER_V3.indd For a copy of “Shapes Go to School” click on the link below.



Asthma, It’s Breathtaking!

boy with asthmaHi this is Terri Borman, childcare provider and author of “Shapes Go to School.”  This book teaches children about shapes, colors and diversity.  It also helps children to understand that everyone is different.  This week’s blog is about children affected by asthma and how we as parents and childcare providers can reduce their risk of an asthma attack by knowing more about this disease.

th (2)Asthma is a disease that causes the airways of the lungs to swell, narrowing the airway.  The swelling/narrowing of the airway causes wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing.

Per the American Lung Association, asthma affects an estimated 7 million children.  It is the third leading cause of hospitalization among children and it is one of the leading causes of school absenteeism with an estimated 14 million lost school days per year.

An asthma trigger is a thing or activity that makes asthma worse.  When a child with asthma comes into contact with a trigger, it can cause a sudden worsening of symptoms which is called an asthma attack, episode or flare up.

asthma triggers2 asthma triggers

Respiratory infections such as a cold, flu or sinus infection are the most common triggers of asthma symptoms worsening leading to an asthma attack.  Also medical conditions such as Acid Reflux can worsen asthma symptoms.

Food allergies and medicines can trigger an asthma attack.  Common food and medicine allergies are from peanuts, shellfish, aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen.

All types of smoke can trigger an asthma attack. Cigarette, wood burning fire places, leaf burning, or campfires are examples.

Weather, pollen, and air pollution can worsen asthma symptoms and trigger an asthma attack. Children are more susceptible to an asthma attack when there is a sudden and extreme temperature change.  Air pollution, smog or vehicle exhaust causes poor air quality and changes in the season causes increased pollen in the air.  Always check the AQI (air quality index) and the pollen count and limit your outdoor time during high pollen times or when the AQI is at an unhealthy level.


Animals can trigger an asthma attack. The dander and saliva from animals with fur or feathers can be an allergen for some and can cause the worsening of asthma symptoms.  Birds, cats, dogs, ferrets, hamsters, Guinea pigs, bunnies or mice are examples.

Pests such as dust mites, cockroaches, and rodents in the home, workplace or school can trigger an asthma attack.  Wash bedding regularly, vacuum and dust weekly, and use allergen-proof pillow and mattress covers.

Mold is an allergen that can trigger an asthma attack.  Clean visible mold, throw away moldy items, run a dehumidifier, and use the exhaust fan when taking a shower.

Exercise like walking, climbing stairs, or intense exercise, sports and swimming can trigger an asthma attack.  If prescribed, use your quick relief inhaler 15-30 minutes prior to exercising.

Strong odors from cleaning products, scented candles, incense, hair spray, air fresheners, and personal care products can trigger an asthma attack.  Whenever possible, choose products that are odor and fragrance free.

Strong emotions like laughing or crying too hard, feeling stressed or anxious, anger, fear or yelling can increase rapid breathing and trigger an asthma attack.

For more information visit these websites:

American Academy of Allergy,Asthma & Immunology: (414)272-6071 www.aaaai.org

American Academy of Pediatrics: www.aap.org

American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology: (847)427-1200 www.acaai.org

American Lung Association: (800)-LUNGUSA (800)586-4872 www.lung.org

Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America: (800)727-8462 www.aafa.org

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: (800)CDC-INFO (800)232-4636 www.cdc.gov

National Asthma Education and Prevention Program: NHLBI Health Information Network
(301)592-8573 www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/naepp

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute:  www.nhlbi.nih.gov

cropped-9781481758178.jpg For a copy of “Shapes Go to School” click link below:


When the Weather Outside is Friiightning!

Hi this is Terri Borman author of “Shapes Go to School.”  I am also a child care provider and when I cannot take the children outside due to bad weather I try to find learning activities I can do with the children inside.  Today I am going to show you how to have an indoor treasure shape hunt by hiding shapes around the house.


STEP 1.) Cut out shapes from foam squares available from any craft store.


STEP 2.) Hide the shapes around the house.

STEP 3.) Draw a treasure map.

Pirate Map

To print out this color pirate map template (you must use a color printer) use this link below.


If you don’t have a color printer, and you want to make a treasure map on plain paper click on this link below.

Pirate Map Plain Paper


STEP 4.) Help make the children pirate hats! ARRRRGGG

Pirate Hat APirate Hat BPirate Hat CPirate Hat EPirate Hat DPirate Hat FPirate Hat G

To see full instructions for making a pirate hat click on the link below.


STEP 5.) Have the children go find the treasure shapes and have FUN!! Get your copy of “Shapes Go to School” from these fine retailers:

Amazon.com, Barnesandnoble.com, and Authorhouse.com

Try This Free Activity Worksheet From Shapes Go to School

Hi everyone this is Terri Borman author of Shapes Go to School and a child care provider.  I hope you enjoyed last weeks activity worksheet which let your children color all the shapes that are in the book “Shapes Go to School.”

This week I have made you another activity worksheet called Shapes Go to School Activity Worksheet Squares.  This worksheet will let your children trace the squares and then color them blue.

Remember you have to hold the control button and then click on the link below.  It will then pop up a tab at the top of your browser.  Click on the tab at the top of your browser to see and print the new activity worksheet.

As always be blessed and have a great week!

Terri Borman


Shapes Go to School Activity Worksheet Squares