Stages of Child Development: Is Your Child On Track?

child developmentHi this is Terri Borman, childcare provider and author of “Shapes Go to School.”  This week’s blog is about the stages of child development.  First, I must tell you about my book.

00B0B_dGlSBFfHl9M_600x450“Shapes Go to School” is a beautifully illustrated children’s book that teaches shapes, colors and diversity.  It helps children to understand that everyone is different.  It’s the very first day of Kindergarten for the shape children.  Some shapes are excited to be at school while others are apprehensive.  Order your copy of “Shapes Go to School” today!  Just click on the picture of the book.

Now let’s get back to child development.  I am going to go over the stages of child development from birth to age five.  Please keep in mind that the time frames listed for achieving developmental milestones are estimated.  Some children may achieve various developmental milestones earlier or later than the estimated time frames but still fall within the normal parameters.  This information is designed with the intention to help parents understand what to expect from their child.  Any questions or concerns you may have about your child’s development should be shared with his/her pediatrician.

Birth to one month: A newborn to one month of age will eat approximately five to eight times per day and sleep approximately 20 hours.  The infant will make basic distinctions in vision, hearing, smelling, tasting, touch, temperature, and pain.  An infant at this age will not be sociable. 

Two to three months:  At two to three months, the infant can perceive different colors and explore visually and orally.  Verbally the infant can cry, coo and grunt.   They can lift their heads when on tummy and kick arms and legs.  They are starting to be sociable and will smile at a face.

Four to Six months:  Between four and six months the infant will start babbling and eat between three and five times per day.  They are more able to control their head and arm movements, grasp objects and roll over.  They can recognize familiar persons and they expect to be fed, bathed and dressed.  They will help hold the bottle during feeding.

Seven to Nine Months:  Between seven and nine months the infant can sit without support and crawl around. They enjoy playing Peek-a-boo and may start to have separation anxiety.

Ten to Twelve Months: Between ten and twelve months, the infant can pull up to stand, says one or two words but knows up to five or six words, imitate sounds and respond to simple commands.  They can eat table food now, three meals and two snacks a day.  They will sleep twelve hours at night and take two naps during the day.  They are very curious and want to explore their surroundings.  Uh-Oh they may have fear of strangers, AKA stranger danger.  They can wave bye-bye, play pat-a-cake and they understand when you tell them “No!”  They may give a toy to a friend or take it away.

Twelve to Eighteen Months:  No longer an infant!  These toddlers are much more independent.  They can walk without help, eat by themselves and say a few more words.  Watch out!  They can also go up the stairs.  They can still experience separation anxiety and may now fear taking a bath.   They can scribble scrabble on paper with crayons.

Eighteen to Twenty-Four Months:  At eighteen and twenty-four months, they can run, kick a ball and build a 6 cube tower.  They are capable of being potty trained.  They can take off their shoes, socks and gloves.  They have a vocabulary of more than 200 words and say two to three word sentences.  They will still sleep twelve hours at night with a one to two hour nap during the day.  They may start having temper tantrums when things don’t go their way and might do the opposite when asked to do something.

Two Years to Three Years:  Between two and three years, they can jump off a step and ride a tricycle.  They can feed themselves with eating utensils.  They can properly use crayons and color with a purpose.  They can build a 9-10 cube tower.  They can put on their shoes closer to three years of age.  They are using short sentences.  They may still have separation anxiety and violent temper tantrums.  They can also have a sense of humor and play tricks.  They can be possessive of toys but mostly enjoy playing alongside other children.  They like more than anything staying on a routine.

Three Years to Four Years:  Between three and four years, they can stand on one leg, jump up and down, draw a circle or a cross on a piece of paper, and open doors.   They are very self-sufficient in many routines and completely potty trained.  They like to show affection to their parents and other caregivers.  They may start being afraid of the dark.  Most 3 to 4 year old children like to share with other children and play dramatic play.  They will speak in three to five word sentences.

Four Years to Five Years:  Between four and five years of age they have mastered their motor control.  They can skip and take big jumps.  They can dress themselves.  They can read and write and draw shapes on paper.  They feel guilt and pride when they accomplish something.  They are very sociable and competitive.  They speak clearly now and they have mastered basic grammar skills.  They know over 2000 words.

I have put together an assessment that you can print out and use to check off your own child’s milestones.  This assessment is also great for child care providers to use to assess the children in their care.   Click on the link below.  Remember if you notice something that your child is not able to do when the assessment says just be patient it’s an estimate.  Practice that task with your child and/or consult your child’s pediatrician.

Child Development Assessment (Click here for a free printable child development assessment!)

Follow me on Twitter @terriborman


Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s